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Selected Scriptures Concerning The History Of Israel...

• Around 2100 BC Yahweh (God) promises greater Israel to Abraham and his descendents. Genesis, Chapter 17, Verses 1-8: 1-Now when Abram was ninety-nine years old, the LORD appeared to Abram and said to him, "I am God Almighty; Walk before Me, and be blameless. 2-"I will establish My covenant between Me and you, And I will multiply you exceedingly." 3-Abram fell on his face, and God talked with him, saying, 4-"As for Me, behold, My covenant is with you, And you will be the father of a multitude of nations. 5-"No longer shall your name be called Abram, But your name shall be Abraham; For I have made you the father of a multitude of nations. 6-"I will make you exceedingly fruitful, and I will make nations of you, and kings will come forth from you. 7-"I will establish My covenant between Me and you and your descendants after you throughout their generations for an everlasting covenant, to be God to you and to your descendants after you. 8-"I will give to you and to your descendants after you, the land of your sojournings, all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession; and I will be their God."

Genesis, Chapter 18, Verses 17-18: 17-The LORD said, "Shall I hide from Abraham what I am about to do, 18-since Abraham will surely become a great and mighty nation, and in him all the nations of the earth will be blessed?

Abraham's wife Sarah gave birth to Isaac in her old age and the birthright is established. Genesis, Chapter 21, Verses 9-12: 9-Now Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian, whom she had borne to Abraham, mocking. 10-Therefore she said to Abraham, "Drive out this maid and her son, for the son of this maid shall not be an heir with my son Isaac." 11-The matter distressed Abraham greatly because of his son. 12-But God said to Abraham, "Do not be distressed because of the lad and your maid; whatever Sarah tells you, listen to her, for through Isaac your descendants shall be named."

• Around 2000 BC Isaac has a son Jacob, whose name is changed to Israel. Jacob has 12 sons who become the Twelve Tribes Of Israel. Genesis, Chapter 35, 9-11: 9-Then God appeared to Jacob again when he came from Paddan-aram, and He blessed him. 10-God said to him, "Your name is Jacob; You shall no longer be called Jacob, But Israel shall be your name." Thus He called him Israel. 11-God also said to him, "I am God Almighty; Be fruitful and multiply; A nation and a company of nations shall come from you, And kings shall come forth from you."

• Around 1900 BC Jacob's son Joseph is sold into Egyptian bondage by his brothers. Genesis, Chapter 37, Verses 27-28: 27-"Come and let us sell him to the Ishmaelites and not lay our hands on him, for he is our brother, our own flesh." And his brothers listened to him. 28-Then some Midianite traders passed by, so they pulled him up and lifted Joseph out of the pit, and sold him to the Ishmaelites for twenty shekels of silver Thus they brought Joseph into Egypt.

• Joseph later rises to a position of power in Egypt. Genesis, Chapter 41, Verses 41-42: 41 Pharaoh said to Joseph, "See, I have set you over all the land of Egypt." 42-Then Pharaoh took off his signet ring from his hand and put it on Joseph's hand, and clothed him in garments of fine linen and put the gold necklace around 
his neck.

• Famine struck the land, but God had instructed Joseph to set aside grain in prior years, and people came from other lands to buy grain from Egypt. Those who came included Joseph's brothers. Soon Joseph's brothers, their father Jacob (Israel) and the rest of Jacob's descendents settled in Egypt with Joseph. Genesis, Chapters 41 thru 47.

• Around 1446 BC, Moses led the Israelites on their Exodus from Egypt. They wandered in the
wilderness for 40 years before entering Canaan (Israel), the land promised by Yahweh (God) to Abraham and his descendents. Around 1406 BC Moses died and Joshua led the Israelites as they entered Canaan and began to conquer it as God had promised.

• From about 1400 BC to around 1050 BC Israel is ruled by judges who settled disputes. There was no need for a ruler or king as Yahweh (God) was the Israelite's king. The people then began to petition Yahweh (God) for an earthly King as their neighboring countries had. Saul is appointed King and rules for 40 years until David takes the throne and also reigns for about 40 years. Davis is followed by King Solomon, who builds the great Temple. Solomon too serves as King for approximately 40 years, but began to turn away from Yahweh and worship false gods in his later years.

• Shortly after Solomon's reign, Israel splits into two kingdoms... the southern kingdom contains Jerusalem and becomes known as the House of Judah. The northern kingdom includes 10 of the 12 tribes and is known as the House of Israel. The two kingdoms often fought against each other.

• About 721 BC, the Assyrians conquer the House of Israel (northern kingdom). Many Israelis were slaughtered, and large numbers were taken away into captivity... giving rise to the term, "The Lost Ten Tribes Of Israel".

• Around 605 BC, the Babylonian Empire began to subdue the House of Judah and take captives of the Jews. By 586 BC, the Babylonians destroy Jerusalem and the First Temple. Most Jews are taken to Babylon as prisoners.

• In 539 BC King Cyrus the Great conquered Babylon establishing the Medo-Persian Empire. The next year he agreed to allow the Jews to return to Jerusalem and they soon rebuild the Temple. This begins what is known as The Second Temple Period. In 333 BC Alexander the Great defeated the Persians and began Greek rule over the Middle East, including Jerusalem. Around 166 BC, the Maccabean begins and the Jews are given their autonomy for about 100 years, until conquered by the Romans in 63 BC. (History continued on page 2)